Ages 8 – 12 Early Elementary School years

Milestones for the Development of Speech Language Skills
By the time children reach the age of 9, their phonological and language skills are usually good enough to allow them to read and write with the purpose of learning new information. Synonyms, categorization, and figurative language are among their newest language skills at this age. They can usually participate in group discussions - be it during a family gathering or a classroom setting and even give effective oral presentations. From age 10 and beyond, children are usually able to use more abstract and specific vocabulary and grammar, using complex sentences in both in writing and in conversation, can actively listen and draw conclusions.

Milestones for the Development of Motor Skills
Between the ages 8 to 12, usually all the milestones are integrated in adult pattern. Some signs of delay in motor skills include: clumsiness, low muscle tone, inability to jump forward and from 30 inches high with both feet together, difficulty negotiating stairs and problems catching and throwing a ball, along with these problems than there might be increase of weight due to lack of activity.

Milestones for the Development of Fine Motor Skills
As school age children grow physically, they become faster, stronger, and better coordinated. Consequently, during middle childhood, children become more adept at fine motor activities. By age 9 or 10, a child is most likely able to draw and write with better control and you will find him/her using a computer with ease, playing video games with a lot more coordination, and speed.

School-age children ages 8 to 12 are expected to have mastered hand and eye coordination, be able to help with household chores, such as sweeping, mopping, and dusting; care for pets; draw, paint, and engage in making crafts.

Milestones for Social Emotional Development
Most school-age children feel driven to "make it" in the world away from home. This is the stage of development where making friends and being accepted become top priorities and school becomes a testing ground where children evaluate, accept, and reject each other daily.

Around the age of 9 and 10, many children successfully form close friendships. Forming these relationships helps them develop sensitivity to the feelings of others

During this stage of development, children try to fit in and parents are often witnesses to children's insensitive and sometimes cruel interactions. However, it is usually through these encounters that children learn some of the basic social skills needed to function as competent adults.