Ages 3 – 5 Preschool years

Milestones for the Development of Speech Language Skills

The preschool years are marked by a major development of language. Preschool children display rapid growth in vocabulary and complex sentence formulation. Young children produce 3-4 word sentences, different types of questions, and respond to different types of questions. 

Milestones for the Development of Motor Skills
The preschool years are marked by a major development of motor skills. Some milestones for preschoolers include being able to kick a ball,  walk up and down the stairs using alternative feet, ride a tricycle, and balance in one foot for at least 5 seconds. 

Milestones for the Development of Fine Motor Skills
The preschool years are marked by a major development of fine motor skills. Some milestones for preschoolers include being able to wash and dry his/her own hands, grabbing and holding crayons, markers and pens. By age five a child can usually scribble and attempt to write his/her name, uses blunt scissors to cut paper (or other things if you are not watching!), feeds himself even if in a clumsy and not perfect way, can buckle, button, unbutton and lace with minimal or no assistance and brushes teeth with some help.

Milestones for Social Emotional Development
Preschool age children believe that everything centers around them and find themselves at this stage of development learning to cooperate with other children (as when cleaning up toys). By age four, they easily separate from their parents without crying or anxiety and usually engage in spontaneous play with more than one peer, easily recognizing and remembering their friends’ names. You will most likely find your five year old engaging in basic bargaining with other children (“I’ll let you use my crayons if you let me play with your truck”) and enjoying a certain sense of independence, showing a preference for doing things for themselves.